JOBA Programme Background

Mozambique is one of the most dynamic economies in Africa, but it remains one of the world’s least developed countries. Growth has not translated into structural reforms and job growth, and poverty reduction has stagnated.  About 300-350,000 young people join the labour market every year, but they are forced into marginal jobs in the informal economy.

Against this background, the JOBA programme aims to aid the access to sustainable jobs and improve the income prospects for the country’s youth, women and adolescent girls.

Women have not benefitted equally from growth.  Compared with men, they have heavier workloads, inferior employment and incomes, little access to land, lower agricultural productivity as well as lower levels of health and education.


The key objective of the programme is to increase the income among the beneficiaries of the Programme, with a particular focus on women and adolescent girls.  This is to be achieved by creating improved access to quality, affordable and market-relevant non-state skills training and employment services.

The outcome of these services is that beneficiaries are able to achieve employment or self-employment, thus increasing their income.  Non-state refers to the private sector (for profit) and NGO (not-for-profit).

Intended impact of the project: Higher income among JOBA Employment Fund ultimate beneficiaries, especially young women and adolescent girls.
Expected outcomes of the project: • More youth, especially young women and adolescent girls acquire marketable skills leading to (self-) employment or further training and education;
• Strengthened Mozambican skills training market.
Output 1: Expanded access to inclusive, affordable, market relevant, quality training and wrap-around services by non-state training providers.
Output 2: Strengthened delivery capacity of non-state training providers.
Output 3: Strengthened collaboration on skills training between Government of Mozambique and the private sector.

JOBA is focused on the development of a more robust labour market through a better prepared work force, that is ready to meet the demands of a modern Mozambican economy.

“This project will make a real difference to the lives of people living in Mozambique.  By meeting the needs of the private sector we will be able to support the development of a modern labour market in the country, with a particular focus on both young people and women.”

Geert van Boekel, BMB Mott MacDonald’s project Director