Employment Fund

This component (JOBA Employment Fund) funds a range of innovative, potentially replicable initiatives with a catalytic effect on skills and training and transition to employment.

The focus is on reducing skills failures in Mozambique by linking specific areas of labour force supply with demand through catalyzing and brokering linkages between employers, especially medium-sized enterprises, and non-state training providers to get young people into work.

Ultimately beneficiaries of the funding will receive training combined with employment or ‘wrap around’ services to optimise their employment prospects.  Attention is given to women and girls and marginalised youth who tend to have limited access to skills training and to viable employment opportunities.

The JOBA Employment Fund (co)finances innovative quality training initiatives that are geared towards promoting new experiences and best practices from within Mozambique and beyond, across a range of economic Sectors.

The JOBA programme is focused on the following Sectors that are expected to create job growth in Mozambique:

  • Agriculture (Agri-Business)
  • Construction & Services
  • Forestry
  • Industry & Manufacturing
  • Mining
  • Transport & Logistics


Specifically, the Employment Fund will:

- Increase the volume and quality of TVET places leading to jobs in sectors of economic growth

- Improve the relevance and quality of training programmes

- Reach disadvantaged or hard-to-reach groups such as the poor and girls/women

- Measure success through employment results (i.e. tracer studies)


Main expected Results:

  • 2000 graduates have received technical training, of which 25% are women, and at least 1.700 are employed in the field of training (85%) or have started own business one year after the completion of the training
  • 3000 graduates have received vocational, second chance or entrepreneurship training, and at least 2.100 of them (70%) have started own business or are employed one year after completion of the training


JOBA funds training in the following four areas:

  • Technical Skills to create Artisans and Technicians
  • Vocational skills for urban and rural SME’s, through short courses
  • Second chance or life skills to help young people catch up on the education they missed and to get a solid grounding on work place rules and practices
  • Entrepreneurship skills for those with the interest and ability to establish their own business


Grantees are expected to:

  • Bring innovation into the training market, in terms of courses, course contents and curricula, the delivery of training, linking training to the demands of the labour market and the provision of support and wrap around services,
  • Provide quality training and trainee support services,
  • Be inclusive in their recruitment of trainees and the delivery of training, with attention for youth who are disadvantaged, as
  • Ensure that skills acquired are recognised and aligned to national qualifications.

Contribute to improving the national TVET system through joining the planned national association of non-state training providers, sharing learning and quality related initiatives.


Training For Resilience

According to Forbes Insights 2015 (Job Creation in Sub-Saharan Africa), the most important issue for Mozambique’s future is job creation for the youth, and a recent study of the Africa Growth Initiative and the UN University (2016) expects that more than 500.000 new workers will enter the labour market in Mozambique each year, by 2025, putting more stress on an already dysfunctional market.

In addition, employment figures seldom consider the quality of employment, particularly in developing contexts.  In countries such as Mozambique low-quality jobs are common place, both for youth and adults.  These jobs also tend to be very vulnerable to (minor) shocks, and therefore the employment situation of the majority of youth and women in Mozambique (in particular in the rural areas) is particularly fragile and volatile.

In this context DFID has made additional resources available for urgent training interventions for young people and women in Mozambique, focussing on building their resilience in the light of current and foreseeable hardships in the future.  The focus is on training providers responding to Mozambique's need to improve the resilience of its young people, especially women and girls, via training and linking that training to employment or further education opportunities.

T4R is implemented within the framework of the relevant policies of the Government of Mozambique, such as the National Youth Policy, the Gender Policy, and other relevant policies.  It is expected that the programme will contribute to achieve some of the expected outcomes of these policies.

The T4R programme aims at promoting:

  • resilience training aimed at empowering individuals to be employable during hard economic times - preparing for (self) employment
  • wrap around services ensuring exposure to specific skills / industries
  • additional support to ensure women and girls can access T4R opportunities

As with S4E there is a special focus on youth, in particular girls.